Document

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 8, 2022.

Registration No. 333-            

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
            

FORM S-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
            

XOS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
            

Delaware98-1550505
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

3550 Tyburn Street
Los Angeles, California 90065
Tel: (818) 316-1890
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
            

Christen Romero
General Counsel
Xos, Inc.
3550 Tyburn Street
Los Angeles, California 90065
Tel: (818) 316-1890
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)
            

Copies to:
Dave Peinsipp
Rachel Proffitt
Cooley LLP
3 Embarcadero Center, 20th Floor
San Francisco, California 94111
Tel: (415) 693-2000
            

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement

If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.  

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box.  

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  

If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  

If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.  

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment that specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

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The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholder may sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION — DATED SEPTEMBER 8, 2022
https://cdn.kscope.io/074f37e885cb2d19db546efe9454c2dd-image_0a.jpg
Up to 33,199,327 Shares of Common Stock
            
This prospectus relates to the resale of up to 33,199,327 shares (the “Conversion Shares”) of our common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (our “Common Stock”) by YA II PN, Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempt limited partnership (“Yorkville” or the “Selling Securityholder”). The shares of Common Stock included in this prospectus consist of shares of Common Stock that may be issued upon the conversion of certain convertible debentures (the “Convertible Debentures”) in the principal amount of up to $35,000,000 issuable pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement that we entered into with Yorkville on August 9, 2022 (the “Securities Purchase Agreement’). See the section entitled “Prospectus Summary—Convertible Debentures” for a description of the Securities Purchase Agreement and the section entitled “Selling Securityholder” for additional information regarding the Selling Securityholder.
Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that the Selling Securityholder will offer or sell any of the shares of Common Stock. See the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” for additional information about how the Selling Securityholder may sell or otherwise dispose the shares of our Common Stock.
We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements. This prospectus complies with the requirements that apply to an issuer that is an emerging growth company.
Our Common Stock is listed on The Nasdaq Global Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbols “XOS.” On September 7, 2022, the closing price of our Common Stock was $1.49.
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 3 of this prospectus to read about factors you should consider before buying our securities.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is                 , 2022.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
RISK FACTORS
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
USE OF PROCEEDS
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES
SELLING SECURITYHOLDER
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
LEGAL MATTERS
EXPERTS
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE


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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Securityholder may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by it described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the securities offered by the Selling Securityholder described in this prospectus.
You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus, as well as the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholder have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholder take responsibility for, or provide any assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholder will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed.
We may also provide prospectus supplements to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplements to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the sections of this prospectus entitled “Where You Can Find More Information.”
On August 20, 2021, as contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of February 21, 2021, as amended on May 14, 2021 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among NextGen Acquisition Corporation, a Cayman Islands exempted company limited by shares (“NextGen”), Sky Merger Sub I, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct wholly owned subsidiary of NextGen (“Merger Sub”), and Xos, Inc., a Delaware corporation (now known as Xos Fleet, Inc., “Legacy Xos”), consummated the merger transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, whereby (i) Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy Xos, the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub ceased and Legacy Xos became the surviving corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of NextGen (“Xos” or the “Company,” and such transaction the “Merger” or the “Business Combination”). Immediately prior to the closing of the Merger (the “Closing” and such date of the Closing, the “Closing Date”), NextGen changed its jurisdiction of incorporation from the Cayman Islands to the State of Delaware by deregistering as an exempted company in the Cayman Islands and domesticating and continuing as a corporation formed under the laws of the State of Delaware. In connection with the Business Combination, NextGen changed its name to Xos, Inc.
Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in this prospectus to the “Company,” “Xos,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Xos, Inc. (f/k/a NextGen Acquisition Corporation) and its consolidated subsidiaries (including Legacy Xos). References to “NextGen” refer to our predecessor company prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.
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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
This summary highlights selected information appearing in this prospectus. Because it is a summary, it may not contain all of the information that may be important to you. To understand this offering fully, you should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the information set forth in the section entitled “Risk Factors” contained in this prospectus and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus. You should also carefully read the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes and the exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, before making an investment decision.
The Company
We are a leading technology company which provides fleet services, software solutions, and manufactures 100% battery-electric Class 5 to Class 8 commercial vehicles. We facilitate the transition of fleets from internal combustion engine vehicles to zero-emission vehicles with proprietary technology suited to the commercial use case. We also provide a range of services to facilitate the transition of fleets to electric vehicles, including charging infrastructure, vehicle maintenance, financing and service.
Our X-Platform (our proprietary, purpose-built vehicle chassis platform) and X-Pack (our proprietary battery system) provide modular features that allow us to accommodate a wide range of last-mile applications and enable us to offer clients at a lower total cost of ownership compared to traditional diesel fleets. The X-Platform and X-Pack are available for purchase as part of the Xos vehicle. The X-Platform and X-Pack were both engineered to be modular in nature to allow fleet operators to customize their vehicles to fit their commercial applications (e.g., upfitting with a specific vehicle body and/or tailoring battery range). In addition to a competitive vehicle purchase price, our technology can also drive savings throughout ownership through increased vehicle uptime, greater payload capacity and reduced service and maintenance expense. Ninety percent of vehicles in our targeted segments operate on routes under 200 miles per shift (referred to as “last-mile” routes). Vehicles that fulfill these predictable last-mile routes generally return to base hubs on a daily basis. Such vehicles are ideal candidates for electrification as operators are able to connect the vehicles to dedicated charging infrastructure at return-to-base hubs. Our modular and cost-effective vehicles have been on the road and in customers’ hands since 2018, further validating the durability of satisfaction with our vehicles.
We have taken a conservative approach to capital investment with our Flex Manufacturing Strategy, which leverages our strategic partners’ existing facilities and labor to assemble up to 5,000 vehicles annually per facility once fully ramped up. This strategy will enable us to scale our operations in a capital efficient manner and in lockstep with market demand.
Our Fleet-as-a-Service product facilitates the transition from traditional internal combustion engine vehicles to battery electric vehicles and provides fleet operators with a comprehensive set of solutions and products (including, but not limited to, Energy Services, service and maintenance, vehicle telematics, OTA updates and financing) to transition to and to operate an electric fleet. This product offering will combine traditionally disaggregated services into a bundled service package, thus reducing the cost and friction associated with electrifying commercial fleets. Services to be offered in our Fleet-as-a-Service offerings include our proprietary technologies and in-house services and offerings from our industry partners. Our Fleet-as-a-Service offering includes (i) Energy Services (on-site vehicle charging infrastructure as well as our proprietary mobile charging unit Xos HubTM); (ii) service and maintenance (provided by our internal maintenance team and industry partners); (iii) replacement parts; (iv) financing via our external partners; (v) risk mitigation products (e.g., GAP insurance and warranties); and (vi) our telematics unit, the Xosphere Intelligence Platform. Fleet-as-a-Service is expected to increase the lifetime revenue of each vehicle sold by us.
Our principal executive office is located at 3550 Tyburn Street, Los Angeles, California 90065. Our telephone number is (818) 316-1890.
Convertible Debentures
On August 9, 2022, we entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with YA II PN, Ltd. (“Yorkville”) under which we agreed to sell and issue to Yorkville convertible debentures (the “Convertible Debentures”) in the principal amount of up to $35.0 million, which are convertible into shares of Common Stock, subject to certain conditions and limitations set forth in the Securities Purchase Agreement. $20.0 million in principal amount of Convertible Debentures was issued on August 11, 2022, and an additional $15.0 million in principal amount will be issued to Yorkville upon the effectiveness of this registration statement registering for resale our Common Stock issuable from the conversion of the Convertible Debentures.
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The Convertible Debentures bear interest at an annual rate of 6.0%, payable at maturity, which will increase to an annual rate of (i) 10.0% upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an event of default, and (ii) 7.5% for so long as “Registration Event” (as defined in the Convertible Debenture) remains in effect in accordance with the registration rights agreement by and between us and Yorkville, dated August 9, 2022 (the “Registration Rights Agreement”). The maturity date of the Convertible Debentures shall be November 11, 2023, which may be extended by an additional three months in certain instances.
The Convertible Debentures provide a conversion right, in which Yorkville may, at any time after the issuance date, convert any portion of the principal amount of the Convertible Debenture, together with any accrued but unpaid interest, into shares of Common Stock at the lower of (i) $2.4733 per share (the conversion price pursuant to this clause (i), the “Fixed Conversion Price”) or (ii) 97% of the lowest daily volume weighted average price of the Common Stock during the three trading days immediately preceding the date of conversion (but not lower than a floor price of $0.50 per share, subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the Convertible Debentures) (the conversion price pursuant to this clause (ii), the “Variable Conversion Price”).
We shall not issue any shares of Common Stock upon conversion of any Convertible Debentures, or otherwise, if the issuance of such Common Stock, together with any Common Stock issued in connection with any other related transactions that may be considered part of the same series of transactions, would exceed 33,199,327 shares (the “Exchange Cap”), except that such limitation shall not apply in the event that we obtain the approval of its stockholders as required by the applicable rules of Nasdaq for issuances of shares of Common Stock in excess of such amount. In addition, Yorkville has agreed that it (i) will not convert any portion of the Debentures prior to September 9, 2022 (the “Conversion Start Date”), (ii) it will not convert more than an aggregate amount of $4,000,000 in principal at the Variable Conversion Price during (A) the 30-day period commencing on the Conversion Start Date or (B) any successive 30-day period thereafter (each such 30-day period described in (A) and (B), a “30-Day Period”) and (iii) it will use commercially reasonable efforts to convert at least $2,000,000 of principal amount of Convertible Debentures in each 30-Day Period, provided that the certain conditions set forth in the Convertible Debentures are satisfied as of each such period.
If, at any time after the issue date of the Convertible Debentures, and from time to time thereafter, (i) the daily VWAP (as defined in the Convertible Debenture) of the Common Stock is less than the $0.50 floor price for five consecutive trading days, or (ii) we have issued pursuant to the Convertible Debentures in excess of 95% of the Common Stock available under the Exchange Cap (the last such day of each such occurrence, a “Triggering Date”), then we shall make monthly prepayments of $3,000,000 principal amount in the aggregate among the Convertible Debentures outstanding (provided that, subject to certain conditions, such amount shall instead be $4,000,000) (or the outstanding principal if less than such amount) (such amount, the “Triggered Principal Amount”) beginning on the 10th calendar day after the Triggering Date and continuing on the same day of each successive calendar month. Each monthly prepayment shall be an amount equal to the sum of (i) the Triggered Principal Amount, plus (ii) a redemption premium equal to 5.0% of such Triggered Principal Amount, plus (iii) accrued and unpaid interest on the outstanding Convertible Debentures. Notwithstanding the foregoing, subject to certain conditions set forth in the Convertible Debentures, each Triggered Principal Amount may be reduced in certain circumstances or our obligation to make monthly prepayments may cease.
The Convertible Debentures provide us, subject to certain conditions, with a redemption right pursuant to which we, upon 10 business days’ prior written notice to Yorkville (a “Redemption Notice”), may redeem in cash, in whole or in part, any amounts outstanding under the Convertible Debentures. Each redemption payment will be the principal amount of the Convertible Debentures to be redeemed, plus a redemption premium equal to 5.0% of the principal amount being redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest on the outstanding Convertible Debentures. We may exercise this redemption right at any time after the issue date of the Convertible Debentures, and from time to time thereafter, but only if the daily VWAP of the Common Stock is less than the Fixed Conversion Price for a period of three consecutive trading days immediately prior to the notice for such redemption. Yorkville shall have 10 business days after receipt of a Redemption Notice to elect to convert all or any portion of the Convertible Debentures.

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RISK FACTORS
Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our common stock, you should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as updated by our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other filings we make with the SEC, which are incorporated by reference into this prospectus in their entirety, together with other information in this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference. The risks described in these documents are not the only ones we face, but those that we consider to be material. There may be other unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that could have material adverse effects on our future results. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be seriously harmed. This could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section below entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. All statements, other than statements of present or historical fact included in this prospectus are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “would” or the negative of such terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. We caution you that these forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control.
As a result of a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, our actual results or performance may be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include:
our ability to successfully commercialize our Fleet-as-a-Service offering to customers over time;
delays in the design, manufacturing and wide-spread deployment of our vehicles, powertrains and battery packs;
our ability to grow market share in our existing markets or any new markets we may enter;
our ability to successfully complete strategic relationships and alliances with third parties or acquisitions in the future;
our ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination and proceeds from the concurrent private placement, which may be affected by, among other things, competition and the ability of the combined business to grow and manage growth profitably;
changes in domestic and foreign business, market, financial, political and legal conditions;
changes in applicable laws or regulations;
the outcome of any legal proceedings against us;
our financial and business performance, including financial projections and business metrics and any underlying assumptions thereunder;
changes in our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects and plans;
our ability to maintain an effective system of internal controls over financial reporting;
our ability to respond to general economic conditions, including supply chain delays or interruptions that may occur;
our ability to manage our growth effectively;
our ability to achieve and maintain profitability in the future;
our ability to access sources of capital, including debt financing and other sources of capital to finance operations and growth;
our ability to maintain and enhance our products and brand, and to attract customers;
our ability to execute our business model, including market acceptance of our planned products and services and achieving sufficient production volumes at acceptable quality levels and prices;
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ability to source certain of our critical inventory items, including battery cells, semiconductor chips and vehicle bodies and aluminum;
our ability to successfully manage supply shortages and disruptions, product delivery delays, and anticipate costs and production timing in light of those challenges;
our ability to scale in a cost-effective manner, including hiring qualified personnel, particularly during recent hiring difficulties, to meet our manufacturing and delivery goals;
developments and projections relating to our competitors and industry;
general economic and political conditions, such as the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, recessions, interest rates, local and national elections, fuel prices, international currency fluctuations, corruption, political instability and acts of war or military conflict, including repercussions of the recent military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, or terrorism on our business and the actions that we may take in response thereto;
our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection and not infringe on the rights of others;
expectations regarding the time during which we will be an emerging growth company under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, as amended;
our future capital requirements and sources and uses of cash;
the outcome of any known and unknown litigation and regulatory proceedings; and
other risks and uncertainties set forth in this prospectus in the section entitled “Risk Factors”.
Given these risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Additional cautionary statements or discussions of risks and uncertainties that could affect our results or the achievement of the expectations described in forward-looking statements may also be contained in any accompanying prospectus supplement.
Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore such statements included in this prospectus may not prove to be accurate. Should one or more of the risks or uncertainties described in this prospectus, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results and plans could differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans will be achieved. Additional information concerning these and other factors that may impact the operations and projections discussed herein can be found in the section entitled “Risk Factors” and in our periodic filings with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available publicly on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
You should read this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement completely and with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity and performance as well as other events and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect. Forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this prospectus, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statement contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based, except to the extent otherwise required by law. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
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USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares of our Common Stock in this offering. The Selling Securityholder will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of shares of Common Stock hereunder.

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DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES
The following summary of the material terms of our securities is not intended to be a complete summary of the rights and preferences of such securities, and is qualified by reference to our Certificate of Incorporation, our Bylaws and the Public Warrant-related documents. We urge you to read our Certificate of Incorporation, our Bylaws and the Public Warrant-related documents and the applicable provisions of the DGCL for more information.
Authorized and Outstanding Stock
Our Certificate of Incorporation authorizes the issuance of 1,000,000,000 shares of Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 10,000,000 shares of undesignated Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value per share. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of our Common Stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of Preferred Stock we may issue in the future.
Common Stock
Voting Power
Except as otherwise required by law or as otherwise provided in any certificate of designation for any series of Preferred Stock, the holders of our Common Stock possess all voting power for the election of our directors and all other matters requiring stockholder action. Holders of our Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on matters to be voted on by stockholders.
Dividends
Holders of our Common Stock are entitled to receive such dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by our Board of Directors (our “Board”) in its discretion out of funds legally available therefor. In no event will any stock dividends or stock splits or combinations of stock be declared or made on Common Stock unless the shares of Common Stock at the time outstanding are treated equally and identically.
Liquidation, Dissolution and Winding Up
In the event of our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or winding-up, the holders of our Common Stock will be entitled to receive an equal amount per share of all of our assets of whatever kind available for distribution to stockholders, after the rights of the holders of the Preferred Stock have been satisfied.
Preemptive or Other Rights
Holders of our Common Stock have no conversion, preemptive or other subscription rights and there will be no sinking fund or redemption provisions applicable to our Common Stock.
Election of Directors
Our Board will remain divided into three classes, Class I, Class II and Class III, with only one class of directors being elected in each year and each class serving a three-year term and Class I directors will be elected to an initial one-year term (and three-year terms subsequently), the Class II directors will be elected to an initial two-year term (and three-year terms subsequently) and the Class III directors will be elected to an initial three-year term (and three-year terms subsequently). There is no cumulative voting with respect to the election of directors, with the result that the holders of more than 50% of the shares voted for the election of directors can elect all of the directors.
Preferred Stock
Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that shares of Preferred Stock may be issued from time to time in one or more series. Our Board is authorized to fix the voting rights, if any, designations, powers, preferences, the relative, participating, optional or other special rights and any qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof, applicable to the shares of each series. Our Board will be able to, without stockholder approval, issue Preferred Stock with voting and other rights that could adversely affect the voting power and other rights of the holders of our Common Stock and could have anti-takeover effects. The ability of our Board to issue Preferred Stock without stockholder approval could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change of control or the removal of our management.
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Redeemable Warrants
Public Warrants
Each whole warrant will entitle the registered holder to purchase one share of our Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as discussed below, at any time after 30 days following the Closing, except as described below. Pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, dated October 6, 2020, between NextGen and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent (the “Warrant Agreement”), a warrant holder may exercise its warrants only for a whole number of our Common Stock. This means only a whole warrant may be exercised at a given time by a warrant holder. There are no fractional warrants and only whole warrants will trade. The warrants will expire on August 20, 2026, at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
We will not be obligated to deliver any shares of our Common Stock pursuant to the exercise of a warrant and will have no obligation to settle such warrant exercise unless a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of our Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating thereto is current, subject to our satisfying our obligations described below with respect to registration, or a valid exemption from registration is available, including in connection with a cashless exercise permitted as a result of a notice of redemption described below under “—Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $10.00.” No warrant will be exercisable for cash or on a cashless basis, and we will not be obligated to issue any shares to holders seeking to exercise their warrants, unless the issuance of the shares upon such exercise is registered or qualified under the securities laws of the state of the exercising holder, or an exemption is available. In the event that the conditions in the two immediately preceding sentences are not satisfied with respect to a warrant, the holder of such warrant will not be entitled to exercise such warrant and such warrant may have no value and expire worthless. During any period in which shares of our Common Stock are, at the time of any exercise of a warrant, not listed on a national securities exchange such that they satisfy the definition of a “covered security” under Section 18(b)(1) of the Securities Act, we may, at our option, require holders of Public Warrants who exercise their warrants to do so on a “cashless basis” in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act and, in the event we so elect, we will not be required to file or maintain in effect a registration statement, but will use our commercially reasonable efforts to register or qualify the shares under applicable blue sky laws to the extent an exemption is not available. In such event, each holder would pay the exercise price by surrendering the Public Warrants for that number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the lesser of (A) the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of our Common Stock underlying the Public Warrants, multiplied by the excess of the “fair market value” (defined below) less the exercise price of the Public Warrants by (y) the fair market value and (B) 0.361. The “fair market value” as used in the preceding sentence shall mean the volume weighted average price per share of our Common Stock for the 10 trading days ending on the trading day prior to the date on which the notice of exercise is received by the warrant agent.
Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00. Once the Public Warrants become exercisable, we may call the warrants for redemption:
in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per warrant;
upon not less than 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption to each warrant holder; and
if, and only if, the last reported sale price per share of our Common Stock for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which we send the notice of redemption to the warrant holders (which we refer to as the “Reference Value”) equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon the exercise or the exercise price of a warrant as described under the heading “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Anti-dilution Adjustments”).
We will not redeem the Public Warrants as described above unless a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of our Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Public Warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating to such Common Stock is available throughout the 30-day redemption period. If and when the Public Warrants become redeemable by us, we may exercise our redemption right even if we are unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities laws. We have established the second to last of the redemption criterion discussed above to prevent a redemption call unless there is at the time of the call a significant premium to the warrant exercise price. If the foregoing conditions are satisfied and we issue a notice of redemption of the Public Warrants, each warrant holder will be entitled to exercise his, her or its warrant prior to the scheduled redemption date. However, the price per share of our Common Stock may fall
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below the $18.00 redemption trigger price (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon the exercise or the exercise price of a warrant as described under the heading “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Anti-dilution Adjustments”) as well as the $11.50 (for whole shares) warrant exercise price after the redemption notice is issued.
Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $10.00. Once the Public Warrants become exercisable, we may redeem the outstanding warrants:
in whole and not in part;
at $0.10 per Public Warrant upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption provided that holders will be able to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis prior to redemption and receive that number of shares determined by reference to the table below, based on the redemption date and the “fair market value” of our Common Stock (as defined below) except as otherwise described below;
if, and only if, the Reference Value (as defined above under “Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00”) equals or exceeds $10.00 per share (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon the exercise or the exercise price of a warrant as described under the heading “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Anti-dilution Adjustments”); and
if the Reference Value is less than $18.00 per share (as adjusted for adjustments to the number of shares issuable upon the exercise or the exercise price of a warrant as described under the heading “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Anti-dilution Adjustments”), the Private Placement Warrants must also be concurrently called for redemption on the same terms as the outstanding Public Warrants, as described above.
During the period beginning on the date the notice of redemption is given, holders may elect to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis. The numbers in the table below represent the number of shares of our Common Stock that a warrant holder will receive upon such cashless exercise in connection with a redemption by us pursuant to this redemption feature, based on the “fair market value” of our Common Stock on the corresponding redemption date (assuming holders elect to exercise their warrants and such warrants are not redeemed for $0.10 per warrant), determined for these purposes based on volume weighted average price of our Common Stock during the 10 trading days immediately following the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of warrants, and the number of months that the corresponding redemption date precedes the expiration date of the Public Warrants, each as set forth in the table below. We will provide our warrant holders with the final fair market value no later than one business day after the 10-trading day period described above ends.
The share prices set forth in the column headings of the table below will be adjusted as of any date on which the number of shares issuable upon the exercise of a warrant or the exercise price of a warrant is adjusted as set forth under the heading “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below. If the number of shares issuable upon the exercise of a warrant is adjusted, the adjusted share prices in the column headings will equal the share prices immediately prior to such adjustment, multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of shares deliverable upon exercise of a warrant immediately prior to such adjustment and the denominator of which is the number of shares deliverable upon exercise of a warrant as so adjusted. The number of shares in the table below shall be adjusted in the same manner and at the same time as the number of shares issuable upon the exercise of a warrant. If the exercise price of a warrant is adjusted, (a) in the case of an adjustment pursuant to the fifth paragraph under the heading “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below, the adjusted share prices in the column headings will equal the unadjusted share price multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the higher of the Market Value and the Newly Issued Price as set forth under the heading “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” and the denominator of which is $10.00 and (b) in the case of an adjustment pursuant to the second paragraph under the heading “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below, the adjusted share prices in the column headings will equal the unadjusted share price less the decrease in the exercise price of a warrant pursuant to such exercise price adjustment.
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Fair Market Value of Shares of Common Stock
Redemption Date (period to expiration of warrants
≤$10.0011.0012.0013.0014.0015.0016.0017.00≥$18.00
60 months0.2610.2810.2970.3110.3240.3370.3480.3580.361
57 months0.2570.2770.2940.3100.3240.3370.3480.3580.361
54 months0.2520.2720.2910.3070.3220.3350.3470.3570.361
51 months0.2460.2680.2870.3040.3200.3330.3460.3570.361
48 months0.2410.2630.2830.3010.3170.3320.3440.3560.361
45 months0.2350.2580.2790.2980.3150.3300.3430.3560.361
42 months0.2280.2520.2740.2940.3120.3280.3420.3550.361
39 months0.2210.2460.2690.2900.3090.3250.3400.3540.361
36 months0.2130.2390.2630.2850.3050.3230.3390.3530.361
33 months0.2050.2320.2570.2800.3010.3200.3370.3520.361
30 months0.1960.2240.2500.2740.2970.3160.3350.3510.361
27 months0.1850.2140.2420.2680.2910.3130.3320.3500.361
24 months0.1730.2040.2330.2600.2850.3080.3290.3480.361
21 months0.1610.1930.2230.2520.2790.3040.3260.3470.361
18 months0.1460.1790.2110.2420.2710.2980.3220.3450.361
15 months0.1300.1640.1970.2300.2620.2910.3170.3420.361
12 months0.1110.1460.1810.2160.2500.2820.3120.3390.361
9 months0.0900.1250.1620.1990.2370.2720.3050.3360.361
6 months0.0650.0990.1370.1780.2190.2590.2960.3310.361
3 months0.0340.0650.1040.1500.1970.2430.2860.3260.361
0 months0.0000.0000.0420.1150.1790.2330.2810.3230.361
This redemption feature differs from the typical warrant redemption features used in many other blank check offerings, which typically only provide for a redemption of warrants for cash (other than the Private Placement Warrants) when the trading price for our Common Stock exceeds $18.00 per share for a specified period of time. This redemption feature is structured to allow for all of the outstanding warrants to be redeemed when our Common Stock is trading at or above $10.00 per share, which may be at a time when the trading price of our Common Stock is below the exercise price of the Public Warrants. We have established this redemption feature to provide us with the flexibility to redeem the Public Warrants without the Public Warrants having to reach the $18.00 per share threshold set forth above under “—Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00.” Holders choosing to exercise their warrants in connection with a redemption pursuant to this feature will, in effect, receive a number of shares for their warrants based on an option pricing model. This redemption right provides us with an additional mechanism by which to redeem all of the outstanding warrants, and therefore have certainty as to our capital structure as the Public Warrants would no longer be outstanding and would have been exercised or redeemed. We will be required to pay the applicable redemption price to warrant holders if we choose to exercise this redemption right and it will allow us to quickly proceed with a redemption of the Public Warrants if we determine it is in our best interest to do so. As such, we would redeem the Public Warrants in this manner when we believe it is in our best interest to update our capital structure to remove the Public Warrants and pay the redemption price to the warrant holders.
As stated above, we can redeem the Public Warrants when the shares of our Common Stock are trading at a price starting at $10.00, which is below the exercise price of $11.50, because it will provide certainty with respect to our capital structure and cash position while providing warrant holders with the opportunity to exercise their warrants on a cashless basis for the applicable number of shares. If we choose to redeem the Public Warrants when our Common Stock is trading at a price below the exercise price of the Public Warrants, this could result in the warrant holders receiving fewer shares of our Common Stock than they would have received if they had chosen to wait to exercise their warrants for our Common Stock if and when our Common Stock was trading at a price higher than the exercise price of $11.50.
No fractional shares of our Common Stock will be issued upon exercise. If, upon exercise, a holder would be entitled to receive a fractional interest in a share, we will round down to the nearest whole number of the number of shares of our Common Stock to be issued to the holder. If, at the time of redemption, the Public Warrants are exercisable for a security other than our Common Stock pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, the Public Warrants may be exercised for such security. At such time as the Public Warrants become exercisable for a security other than our Common Stock, we (or surviving company) will use our commercially reasonable efforts to register under the Securities Act the security issuable upon the exercise of the Public Warrants.
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Redemption Procedures.    A holder of a warrant may notify us in writing in the event it elects to be subject to a requirement that such holder will not have the right to exercise such warrant, to the extent that after giving effect to such exercise, such person (together with such person’s affiliates), to the warrant agent’s actual knowledge, would beneficially own in excess of 9.8% (or such other amount as a holder may specify) of our Common Stock issued and outstanding immediately after giving effect to such exercise.
Anti-dilution Adjustments.    If the number of issued and outstanding shares of our Common Stock is increased by a capitalization or share dividend payable in our Common Stock, or by a split-up of our Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such capitalization or share dividend, split-up or similar event, the number of shares of our Common Stock issuable on exercise of each warrant will be increased in proportion to such increase in our issued and outstanding Common Stock. A rights offering made to all or substantially all holders of our Common Stock entitling holders to purchase shares of our Common Stock at a price less than the “historical fair market value” (as defined below) will be deemed a share dividend of a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the product of (1) the number of shares of our Common Stock actually sold in such rights offering (or issuable under any other equity securities sold in such rights offering that are convertible into or exercisable for our Common Stock ) and (2) one minus the quotient of (x) the price per share of our Common Stock paid in such rights offering and (y) the historical fair market value. For these purposes, (1) if the rights offering is for securities convertible into or exercisable for shares of our Common Stock, in determining the price payable for our Common Stock, there will be taken into account any consideration received for such rights, as well as any additional amount payable upon exercise or conversion and (2) “historical fair market value” means the volume weighted average price of our Common Stock during the 10 trading day period ending on the trading day prior to the first date on which our Common Stock trades on the applicable exchange or in the applicable market, regular way, without the right to receive such rights.
In addition, if we, at any time while the Public Warrants are outstanding and unexpired, pay to all or substantially all of the holders of our Common Stock a dividend or make a distribution in cash, securities or other assets to the holders of our Common Stock on account of such Common Stock (or other securities into which the Public Warrants are convertible), other than (a) as described above, or (b) any cash dividends or cash distributions which, when combined on a per share basis with all other cash dividends and cash distributions paid on our Common Stock during the 365-day period ending on the date of declaration of such dividend or distribution does not exceed $0.50 (as adjusted for share sub-divisions, share dividends, rights issuances, consolidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations and other similar transactions) but only with respect to the amount of the aggregate cash dividends or cash distributions equal to or less than $0.50 per share, then the warrant exercise price will be decreased, effective immediately after the effective date of such event, by the amount of cash and/or the fair market value of any securities or other assets paid on each share of our Common Stock in respect of such event.
If the number of issued and outstanding shares of our Common Stock is decreased by a consolidation, combination, reverse share sub-division or reclassification of our Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such consolidation, combination, reverse share sub-division, reclassification or similar event, the number of shares of our Common Stock issuable on exercise of each warrant will be decreased in proportion to such decrease in issued and outstanding shares of our Common Stock.
Whenever the number of shares of our Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Public Warrants is adjusted, as described above, the warrant exercise price will be adjusted by multiplying the warrant exercise price immediately prior to such adjustment by a fraction (x) the numerator of which will be the number of shares of our Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Public Warrants immediately prior to such adjustment and (y) the denominator of which will be the number of shares of our Common Stock so purchasable immediately thereafter.
In case of any reclassification or reorganization of our issued and outstanding Common Stock (other than those described above or that solely affects the par value of such Common Stock), or in the case of any merger or consolidation of us with or into another corporation (other than a merger or consolidation in which we are the continuing corporation and that does not result in any reclassification or reorganization of our issued and outstanding common stock), or in the case of any sale or conveyance to another corporation or entity of the assets or other property of us as an entirety or substantially as an entirety in connection with which we are dissolved, the holders of the Public Warrants will thereafter have the right to purchase and receive, upon the basis and upon the terms and conditions specified in the Public Warrants and in lieu of our Common Stock immediately theretofore purchasable and receivable upon the exercise of the rights represented thereby, the kind and amount of shares, stock or other equity securities or property (including cash) receivable upon such reclassification, reorganization, merger or consolidation, or upon a dissolution following any such sale or transfer, that the holder of the Public Warrants would have received if such holder had exercised their warrants immediately prior to such event. However, if such holders were entitled to exercise a right of election as to the kind or amount of securities, cash or other assets receivable upon such merger or consolidation, then the kind and amount of securities, cash or other assets for which each
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warrant will become exercisable will be deemed to be the weighted average of the kind and amount received per share by such holders in such merger or consolidation that affirmatively make such election, and if a tender, exchange or redemption offer has been made to and accepted by such holders under circumstances in which, upon completion of such tender or exchange offer, the maker thereof, together with members of any group (within the meaning of Rule 13d-5(b)(1) under the Exchange Act) of which such maker is a part, and together with any affiliate or associate of such maker (within the meaning of Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act) and any members of any such group of which any such affiliate or associate is a part, own beneficially (within the meaning of Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) more than 50% of our issued and outstanding Common Stock, the holder of a warrant will be entitled to receive the highest amount of cash, securities or other property to which such holder would actually have been entitled as a shareholder if such warrant holder had exercised the warrant prior to the expiration of such tender or exchange offer, accepted such offer and all of the Common Stock held by such holder had been purchased pursuant to such tender or exchange offer, subject to adjustment (from and after the consummation of such tender or exchange offer) as nearly equivalent as possible to the adjustments provided for in the Warrant Agreement. Additionally, if less than 70% of the consideration receivable by the holders of our Common Stock in such a transaction is payable in the form of common stock in the successor entity that is listed for trading on a national securities exchange or is quoted in an established over-the-counter market, or is to be so listed for trading or quoted immediately following such event, and if the registered holder of the warrant properly exercises the warrant within 30 days following public disclosure of such transaction, the warrant exercise price will be reduced as specified in the Warrant Agreement based on the per share consideration minus Black-Scholes Warrant Value (as defined in the Warrant Agreement) of the warrant.
The warrants will be issued in registered form under a Warrant Agreement between the warrant agent and us. The Warrant Agreement provides that (a) the terms of the Public Warrants may be amended without the consent of any holder for the purpose of (i) curing any ambiguity or correct any mistake, including to conform the provisions of the Warrant Agreement to the description of the terms of the Public Warrants and the Warrant Agreement set forth in the prospectus relating to the initial issuance of the Public Warrants, or defective provision or (ii) adding or changing any provisions with respect to matters or questions arising under the Warrant Agreement as the parties to the Warrant Agreement may deem necessary or desirable and that the parties deem to not adversely affect the rights of the registered holders of the Public Warrants and (b) all other modifications or amendments require the vote or written consent of at least 65% of the then outstanding Public Warrants and, solely with respect to any amendment to the terms of the Private Placement Warrants or working capital warrants or any provision of the Warrant Agreement with respect to the Private Placement Warrants, forward purchase warrants or working capital warrants, at least 65% of the then outstanding Private Placement Warrants or working capital warrants, respectively.
The warrant holders do not have the rights or privileges of holders of our Common Stock and any voting rights until they exercise their warrants and receive shares of our Common Stock. After the issuance of our Common Stock upon exercise of the Public Warrants, each holder will be entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters to be voted on by stockholders.
We have agreed that, subject to applicable law, any action, proceeding or claim against us arising out of or relating in any way to the Warrant Agreement will be brought and enforced in the courts of the State of New York or the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, and we irrevocably submit to such jurisdiction, which jurisdiction will be the exclusive forum for any such action, proceeding or claim. Although we believe this provision benefits us by providing increased consistency in the application of New York law in the types of lawsuits to which it applies, the provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable. This provision applies to claims under the Securities Act but does not apply to claims under the Exchange Act or any claim for which the federal district courts of the United States of America are the sole and exclusive forum.
Private Placement Warrants
The Private Placement Warrants will not be redeemable by us (except as described above under “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $10.00”) so long as they are held by NextGen Sponsor or its permitted transferees. NextGen Sponsor, or its permitted transferees, has the option to exercise the Private Placement Warrants on a cashless basis and have certain registration rights described herein. Otherwise, the Private Placement Warrants have terms and provisions that are identical to those of the Public Warrants. If the Private Placement Warrants are held by holders other than NextGen Sponsor or its permitted transferees, the Private Placement Warrants will be redeemable by us in all redemption scenarios and exercisable by the holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants.
Except as described under “—Redeemable Warrants—Public Warrants—Redemption of warrants when the price per share of our Common Stock equals or exceeds $10.00,” if holders of the Private Placement Warrants elect to exercise them on a cashless basis, they would pay the exercise price by surrendering his, her or its warrants for
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that number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of our Common Stock underlying the Public Warrants, multiplied by the excess of the “historical fair market value” (defined below) less the exercise price of the Public Warrants by (y) the historical fair market value. For these purposes, the “historical fair market value” shall mean the average last reported sale price per share of our Common Stock for the 10 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of warrant exercise is sent to the warrant agent.
Lock-Up Restrictions
In connection with the Business Combination, certain stockholders, officers and directors of Legacy Xos entered into lock-up agreements pursuant to which they will be contractually restricted from selling or transferring any of (i) their shares of our Common Stock held immediately following the Closing and (ii) any of their Lock-up Shares. Such restrictions began at Closing and ended on February 16, 2022.
Additionally, Dakota Semler and Giordano Sordoni, our co-founders, agreed to additional lock-up restrictions beyond those described above. During the term beginning on February 16, 2022 and ending two years following the Closing Date, the co-founders are only permitted to sell their Lock-Up Shares via written trading plans in compliance with Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act.
NextGen Sponsor entered into a letter agreement, dated October 6, 2020, by and among NextGen, NextGen Sponsor and the other parties thereto, pursuant to which NextGen Sponsor is subject to a lock-up ending on the earlier of (i) the date that is one year after the Closing Date and (ii) the date on which the last reported sale price of Common Stock equals or exceeds $12.00 per share for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading day period commencing at least 150 days after the Closing Date. Such restrictions ended on August 20, 2022.
However, following the expiration of such lock-ups, the holders subject to lock-up agreements will not be restricted from selling shares of our Common Stock held by them, other than by applicable securities laws. As such, sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market could occur at any time. These sales, or the perception in the market that the holders of a large number of shares intend to sell shares, could reduce the market price of our Common Stock.
Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions of Delaware Law
Special Meetings of Stockholders
Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that special meetings of our stockholders may be called by such persons as provided in the Bylaws. The Bylaws provide that special meetings of our stockholders may be called only, for any purpose as is a proper matter for stockholder action under Delaware, by (i) our Chairperson of the Board of Directors, (ii) our Chief Executive Officer or the President if the Chairperson of the Board of Directors is unavailable, or (iii) the Board of Directors pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the total number of authorized directors (whether or not there exist any vacancies in previously authorized directorships at the time any such resolution is presented to the Board of Directors for adoption).
Advance Notice Requirements for Stockholder Proposals and Director Nominations
Our Bylaws provide that stockholders seeking to bring business before our annual meeting of stockholders, or to nominate candidates for election as directors at our annual meeting of stockholders, must provide timely notice of their intent in writing. To be timely under the Bylaws, a stockholder’s notice will need to be received by the company secretary at our principal executive offices not later than the close of business on the 90th day nor earlier than the open of business on the 120th day prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting of stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that no annual meeting was held in the previous year or the annual meeting is called for a date that is more than 30 days before or after the anniversary date of the previous year’s annual meeting, notice by the stockholder must be received by the secretary no earlier than the close of business on the 120th day prior to such annual meeting and no later than the close of business on the latter of the 90th day prior to such annual meeting or the 10th day following the day on which public announcement of the date of such meeting is first made. Our Certificate of Incorporation and the Bylaws specify certain requirements as to the form and content of a stockholders’ meeting. These provisions may preclude our stockholders from bringing matters before our annual meeting of stockholders or from making nominations for directors at our annual meeting of stockholders.
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Authorized but Unissued Shares
Our authorized but unissued Common Stock and Preferred Stock are available for future issuances without stockholder approval and could be utilized for a variety of corporate purposes, including future offerings to raise additional capital, acquisitions and employee benefit plans. The existence of authorized but unissued and unreserved Common Stock and Preferred Stock could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or otherwise.
Exclusive Forum Selection
Our Certificate of Incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against current or former directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty, other similar actions, any other action as to which the DGCL confers jurisdiction to the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware and any action or proceeding concerning the validity of our Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware (or, if and only if the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware does not have subject matter jurisdiction thereof, any state court located in the State of Delaware or, if and only if all such state courts lack subject matter jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware). Although we believe this provision benefits us by providing increased consistency in the application of Delaware law in the types of lawsuits to which it applies, the provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us and our directors, officers or other employees and may have the effect of discouraging lawsuits against our directors and officers. This provision would not apply to claims brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction. To the extent that any such claims may be based upon federal law claims, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Furthermore, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. However, our Certificate of Incorporation provides that the federal district courts of the United States shall be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act. Stockholders may be subject to increased costs to bring these claims, and the exclusive forum provision could have the effect of discouraging claims or limiting investors’ ability to bring claims in a judicial forum that they find favorable. In addition, the enforceability of similar exclusive forum provisions in other companies’ certificates of incorporation has been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that, in connection with one or more actions or proceedings described above, a court could rule that this provision in our Certificate of Incorporation is inapplicable or unenforceable.
Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law
We do not opt out of Section 203 of the DGCL under our Certificate of Incorporation.

Limitation on Liability and Indemnification of Directors and Officers
Our Certificate of Incorporation eliminates our directors’ liability to the fullest extent permitted under the DGCL. The DGCL provides that directors of a corporation will not be personally liable for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duties as directors, except for liability:
for any transaction from which the director derives an improper personal benefit;
for any act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;
for any unlawful payment of dividends or redemption of shares; or
for any breach of a director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders.
If the DGCL is amended to authorize corporate action further eliminating or limiting the personal liability of directors, then the liability of our directors will be eliminated or limited to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, as so amended.
Delaware law and our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws provide that we will, in certain situations, indemnify our directors and officers and may indemnify other employees and other agents, to the fullest extent permitted by law. Any indemnified person is also entitled, subject to certain limitations, to advancement of
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reasonable expenses (including attorneys’ fees and disbursements) in advance of the final disposition of the proceeding.
In addition, we have entered into separate indemnification agreements with our directors and officers. These agreements, among other things, require us to indemnify our directors and officers for certain expenses, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, and settlement amounts incurred by a director or officer in any action or proceeding arising out of their services as one of our directors or officers or any other company or enterprise to which the person provides services at our request.
We maintain a directors’ and officers’ insurance policy pursuant to which our directors and officers are insured against liability for actions taken in their capacities as directors and officers. We believe these provisions in our Certificate of Incorporation and the Bylaws and these indemnification agreements are necessary to attract and retain qualified persons as directors and officers.
Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers, or control persons, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.
Rule 144
Rule 144 is not available for the resale of securities initially issued by shell companies (other than business combination related shell companies) or issuers that have been at any time previously a shell company, such as us. However, Rule 144 also includes an important exception to this prohibition if the following conditions are met:
the issuer of the securities that was formerly a shell company has ceased to be a shell company;
the issuer of the securities is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act;
the issuer of the securities has filed all Exchange Act reports and material required to be filed, as applicable, during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the issuer was required to file such reports and materials), other than Form 8-K reports; and
at least one year has elapsed from the time that the issuer filed current Form 10 type information with the SEC reflecting its status as an entity that is not a shell company.
Upon the Closing, we ceased to be a shell company.
When and if Rule 144 becomes available for the resale of our securities, a person who has beneficially owned restricted shares of our Common Stock or Warrants for at least six months would be entitled to sell their securities, provided that (i) such person is not deemed to have been one of our affiliates at the time of, or at any time during the three months preceding, a sale and (ii) we are subject to the Exchange Act periodic reporting requirements for at least three months before the sale and have filed all required reports under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the 12 months (or such shorter period as we were required to file reports) preceding the sale.
Persons who have beneficially owned restricted shares of our Common Stock or Warrants for at least six months but who are our affiliates at the time of, or at any time during the three months preceding, a sale, would be subject to additional restrictions, by which such person would be entitled to sell within any three-month period only a number of securities that does not exceed the greater of:
one percent (1%) of the total number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding; or
the average weekly reported trading volume of the Common Stock during the four calendar weeks preceding the filing of a notice on Form 144 with respect to the sale.
Sales by our affiliates under Rule 144 will also be limited by manner of sale provisions and notice requirements and to the availability of current public information about us.
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Transfer Agent, Warrant Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent, warrant agent and registrar for our Common Stock and Warrants is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC.
Listing of Securities
Our Common Stock and Public Warrants are listed on The Nasdaq Global Market under the symbols “XOS” and “XOSWW,” respectively.
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SELLING SECURITYHOLDER
This prospectus relates to the resale of up to 33,199,327 Conversion Shares by Yorkville, which may be issued upon the conversion of the Convertible Debentures. See the section entitled “Prospectus Summary—Convertible Debentures” for a description of the Securities Purchase Agreement. We are registering the shares of Common Stock included in this prospectus pursuant to the provisions of the Registration Rights Agreement, permitting the Selling Securityholder to offer the shares of Common Stock included in this prospectus for resale from time to time.
The table below presents information regarding the Selling Securityholder and the shares of Common Stock that may be resold by the Selling Securityholder from time to time under this prospectus. This table is prepared based on information supplied to us by the Selling Securityholder, and reflects holdings as of August 19, 2022. The number of shares in the column “Maximum Number of Shares of Common Stock to be Offered Pursuant to this Prospectus” represents all of the shares of Common Stock being offered for resale by the Selling Securityholder under this prospectus. The Selling Securityholder may sell some, all or none of the shares of Common Stock being offered for resale in this offering. We do not know how long the Selling Securityholder will hold the shares of Common Stock before selling them, and we are not aware of any existing arrangements between the Selling Securityholder and any other stockholder, broker, dealer, underwriter or agent relating to the sale or distribution of the shares of our Common Stock being offered for resale by this prospectus.
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3(d) promulgated by the SEC under the Exchange Act, and includes shares of Common Stock with respect to which the Selling Securityholder has sole or shared voting and investment power. The percentage of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Selling Securityholder prior to the offering shown in the table below is based on an aggregate of 166,092,078 shares of our Common Stock outstanding on August 8, 2022. Because the conversion price to be paid by the Selling Securityholder for shares of Common Stock will be determined on the date of conversion of the Convertible Debentures, the actual number of shares of Common Stock that we may issue to the Selling Securityholder may be fewer than the number of shares being offered for resale under this prospectus. The fourth column assumes the resale by the Selling Securityholder of all of the shares of Common Stock being offered for resale pursuant to this prospectus.
We have determined beneficial ownership in accordance with the rules of the SEC. Except as indicated by the footnotes below, we believe, based on the information furnished to us, that the Selling Securityholder has sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of Common Stock that the Selling Securityholder beneficially owns, subject to applicable community property laws. Except as otherwise described below, based on the information provided to us by the Selling Securityholder, the Selling Securityholder is not a broker-dealer or an affiliate of a broker-dealer.
Name of Selling SecurityholderBeneficial Ownership
Prior To This Offering
Maximum Number of Shares Being OfferedBeneficial Ownership
After This Offering
Number of Shares of Common StockNumber of Shares of Common StockPercent
YA II PN, Ltd.(1)
18,432,796
33,199,327
        
(1)    Based solely on information obtained from a Schedule 13G filed by Yorkville on August 12, 2022. Includes shares of common stock that Yorkville has the right to acquire within 60 days as of the date of such filing pursuant to the Convertible Debentures. Under the terms of the Convertible Debentures, we are prohibited from selling shares of Common Stock to Yorkville to the extent that it would cause the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by Yorkville and its affiliates to exceed 9.99% of our outstanding Common Stock, and under the terms of the Convertible Debentures, Yorkville may not convert the Convertible Debentures to the extent such conversion would cause the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by Yorkville and its affiliates to exceed 9.99% of our outstanding Common Stock (the “Yorkville Authorized Share Cap”). Further, under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, we are prohibited from issuing shares of Common Stock to Yorkville to the extent that it would cause the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by Yorkville and its affiliates to exceed 19.99% of our outstanding Common Stock, and under the terms of the Convertible Debentures, Yorkville may not convert the Convertible Debentures to the extent such conversion would cause the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by Yorkville and its affiliates to exceed 19.99% of our outstanding Common Stock. The amounts in the table give effect to the Yorkville Authorized Share Cap. Yorkville is a fund managed by Yorkville Advisors Global, LP (“Yorkville LP”). Yorkville Advisors Global II, LLC (“Yorkville LLC”) is the General Partner of Yorkville LP. All investment decisions for Yorkville are made by Yorkville LLC’s President and Managing Member, Mr. Mark Angelo. The business address of Yorkville is 1012 Springfield Avenue, Mountainside, New Jersey 07092.
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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We are registering the resale by the Selling Securityholder or its permitted transferees from time to time of up to 33,199,327 shares of Common Stock. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the securities by the Selling Securityholder. The aggregate proceeds to the Selling Securityholder will be the purchase price of the securities less any discounts and commissions borne by the Selling Securityholder. We are required to pay all fees and expenses incident to the registration of the securities to be offered and sold pursuant to this prospectus. The Selling Securityholder will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to its sale of securities.
The shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Selling Securityholder covered by this prospectus may be offered and sold from time to time by the Selling Securityholder. The term “Selling Securityholder” includes donees, pledgees, transferees or other successors in interest selling securities received after the date of this prospectus from the Selling Securityholder as a gift, pledge, partnership distribution or other transfer. The Selling Securityholder will act independently of us in making decisions with respect to the timing, manner and size of each sale. Such sales may be made on one or more exchanges or in the over-the-counter market or otherwise, at prices and under terms then prevailing or at prices related to the then current market price or in negotiated transactions. The Selling Securityholder may sell its securities by one or more of, or a combination of, the following methods:
purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by such broker-dealer for its own account pursuant to this prospectus;
ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker solicits purchasers;
block trades in which the broker-dealer so engaged will attempt to sell the shares as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;
an over-the-counter distribution in accordance with the rules of Nasdaq;
through trading plans entered into by the Selling Securityholder pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act, that are in place at the time of an offering pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement hereto that provide for periodic sales of its securities on the basis of parameters described in such trading plans;
short sales;
distribution to employees, members, limited partners or stockholders of the Selling Securityholder; through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transaction, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;
by pledge to secured debts and other obligations;
delayed delivery arrangements;
to or through underwriters or broker-dealers;
in “at the market” offerings, as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, at negotiated prices, at prices prevailing at the time of sale or at prices related to such prevailing market prices, including sales made directly on a national securities exchange or sales made through a market maker other than on an exchange or other similar offerings through sales agents;
in privately negotiated transactions;
in options transactions;
through a combination of any of the above methods of sale; or
any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.
In addition, any securities that qualify for sale pursuant to Rule 144 or another exemption from registration under the Securities Act or other such exemption may be sold under Rule 144 or such other exemption rather than pursuant to this prospectus.
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To the extent required, this prospectus may be amended or supplemented from time to time to describe a specific plan of distribution. In connection with distributions of the securities or otherwise, the Selling Securityholder may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions. In connection with such transactions, broker-dealers or other financial institutions may engage in short sales of the securities in the course of hedging the positions they assume with the Selling Securityholder. The Selling Securityholder may also sell the securities short and redeliver the securities to close out such short positions. The Selling Securityholder may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of securities offered by this prospectus, which securities such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction). The Selling Securityholder may also pledge securities to a broker-dealer or other financial institution, and, upon a default, such broker-dealer or other financial institution, may effect sales of the pledged securities pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).
In effecting sales, broker-dealers or agents engaged by the Selling Securityholder may arrange for other broker-dealers to participate. Broker-dealers or agents may receive commissions, discounts or concessions from the Selling Securityholder in amounts to be negotiated immediately prior to the sale.
In offering the securities covered by this prospectus, the Selling Securityholder and any broker-dealers who execute sales for the Selling Securityholder may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales. Any profits realized by the Selling Securityholder and the compensation of any broker-dealer may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions.
In order to comply with the securities laws of certain states, if applicable, the securities must be sold in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in certain states the securities may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.
We also have agreed to indemnify the Selling Securityholder and certain other persons against certain liabilities in connection with the offering of shares of our Common Stock offered hereby, including liabilities arising under the Securities Act or, if such indemnity is unavailable, to contribute amounts required to be paid in respect of such liabilities. The Selling Securityholder has agreed to indemnify us against liabilities under the Securities Act that may arise from certain written information furnished to us by the Selling Securityholder specifically for use in this prospectus or, if such indemnity is unavailable, to contribute amounts required to be paid in respect of such liabilities. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to our directors, officers, and controlling persons, we have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC this indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore, unenforceable.
Yorkville has represented to us that at no time prior to the date of the Securities Purchase Agreement has Yorkville or any entity managed or controlled by Yorkville, engaged in or effected, in any manner whatsoever, directly or indirectly, for its own account or for the account of any of its affiliates, any short sale or any transaction, which establishes a net short position with respect to our Common Stock. Yorkville has agreed that during the term of the Securities Purchase Agreement, none of Yorkville, its officers, its sole member, or any entity managed or controlled by Yorkville, will enter into or effect, directly or indirectly, any of the foregoing transactions for its own account or for the account of any other such person or entity.
We have advised the Selling Securityholder that the anti-manipulation rules of Regulation M under the Exchange Act may apply to sales of securities in the market and to the activities of the Selling Securityholder and its affiliates. In addition, we will make copies of this prospectus available to the Selling Securityholder for the purpose of satisfying the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act. The Selling Securityholder may indemnify any broker-dealer that participates in transactions involving the sale of the securities against certain liabilities, including liabilities arising under the Securities Act.
At the time a particular offer of securities is made, if required, a prospectus supplement will be distributed that will set forth the number of securities being offered and the terms of the offering, including the name of any underwriter, dealer or agent, the purchase price paid by any underwriter, any discount, commission and other item constituting compensation, any discount, commission or concession allowed or reallowed or paid to any dealer, and the proposed selling price to the public.

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LEGAL MATTERS
The validity of any securities offered by this prospectus will be passed upon for us by Cooley LLP.
EXPERTS
The consolidated financial statements of Xos, Inc. and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 and for the years then ended incorporated by reference in this prospectus have been audited by WithumSmith+Brown, PC, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report appearing in the annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Such consolidated financial statements are included in reliance upon the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
This prospectus is part of the registration statement on Form S-3 we filed with the SEC under the Securities Act and does not contain all the information set forth in the registration statement. Whenever a reference is made in this prospectus to any of our contracts, agreements or other documents, the reference may not be complete and you should refer to the exhibits that are a part of the registration statement or the exhibits to the reports or other documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus for a copy of such contract, agreement or other document.
We are required to file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC as required by the Exchange Act. You can read our SEC filings, including this prospectus, over the Internet at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. Our website address is www.xostrucks.com. Through our website, we make available, free of charge, the following documents as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K; our proxy statements for our annual and special stockholder meetings; our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q; our Current Reports on Form 8-K; Forms 3, 4, and 5 and Schedules 13D with respect to our securities filed on behalf of our directors and our executive officers; and amendments to those documents. The information contained on, or that may be accessed through, our website is not a part of, and is not incorporated into, this prospectus, and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information from other documents that we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus. Information in this prospectus supersedes information incorporated by reference that we filed with the SEC prior to the date of this prospectus, while information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede the information in this prospectus. We incorporate by reference into this prospectus and the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part the information or documents listed below that we have filed with the SEC:
our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, which was filed with the SEC on March 30, 2022;
our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2022, which were filed with the SEC on May 9, 2022 and August 11, 2022, respectively;
our Current Reports on Form 8-K (other than information furnished rather than filed) filed with the SEC on March 28, 2022, May 26, 2022, July 15, 2022 and August 11, 2022; and
the description of our common stock contained in Exhibit 4.4 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, including any amendments thereto or reports filed for the purpose of updating such description.
All filings filed by us pursuant to the Exchange Act after the date of the initial filing of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and prior to effectiveness of the registration statement shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus.
We also incorporate by reference any future filings (other than current reports furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits filed on such form that are related to such items unless such Form 8-K expressly provides to the contrary) made with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, including those made after the date of the initial filing of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and prior to effectiveness of such registration statement, until we file a post-effective amendment that indicates the termination of the offering of the shares of our common stock made by this prospectus and will become a part of this prospectus from the date that such documents are filed with the SEC. Information in such future filings updates and
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supplements the information provided in this prospectus. Any statements in any such future filings will automatically be deemed to modify and supersede any information in any document we previously filed with the SEC that is incorporated or deemed to be incorporated herein by reference to the extent that statements in the later filed document modify or replace such earlier statements.
You can request a copy of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address or telephone number:
Xos, Inc.
3550 Tyburn Street
Los Angeles, CA 90065
Attn: Secretary
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PART II
Information Not Required in Prospectus
Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.
The following is an estimate of the expenses that we may incur in connection with the securities being registered hereby. All amounts shown are estimates except for the SEC registration fee.
Amount
SEC registration fee$4,463
Legal fees and expenses*236,000
Accounting fees and expenses*10,000
Miscellaneous fees and expenses*4,537
Total expenses$255,000
* Estimated solely for the purposes of this Item 14. Actual expenses may vary.
Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.
Section 145(a) of the DGCL provides, in general, that a corporation may indemnify any person who was or is a party to or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation), because he or she is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, if he or she acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful.
Section 145(b) of the DGCL provides, in general, that a corporation may indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor because the person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if he or she acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, except that no indemnification shall be made with respect to any claim, issue or matter as to which he or she shall have been adjudged to be liable to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery or other adjudicating court determines that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all of the circumstances of the case, he or she is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses that the Court of Chancery or other adjudicating court shall deem proper.
Section 145(g) of the DGCL provides, in general, that a corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify the person against such liability under Section 145 of the DGCL.
Additionally, our Certificate of Incorporation eliminates our directors’ liability to the fullest extent permitted under the DGCL. The DGCL provides that directors of a corporation will not be personally liable for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duties as directors, except for liability:
for any transaction from which the director derives an improper personal benefit;
for any act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;
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for any unlawful payment of dividends or redemption of shares; or
for any breach of a director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders.
If the DGCL is amended to authorize corporate action further eliminating or limiting the personal liability of directors, then the liability of our directors will be eliminated or limited to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, as so amended.
In addition, we have entered into separate indemnification agreements with our directors and officers. These agreements, among other things, require us to indemnify our directors and officers for certain expenses, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, and settlement amounts incurred by a director or officer in any action or proceeding arising out of their services as one of our directors or officers or any other company or enterprise to which the person provides services at our request.
We maintain a directors’ and officers’ insurance policy pursuant to which our directors and officers are insured against liability for actions taken in their capacities as directors and officers.
Item 16. Exhibits.
Exhibit
Number
Description  
2.1+
2.2
3.1
3.2
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5.1*
23.1*
23.2*
24.1*
107*
        
*    Filed herewith.
+    The schedules and exhibits to this agreement have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted schedule and/or exhibit will be furnished to the SEC upon request.
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Item 17. Undertakings.
(a)    The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1)    To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i)    to include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;
(ii)    to reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii)    to include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
provided, however, that: Paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) of this section do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2)    That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3)    To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4)    That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser:
(i)    Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(ii)    Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or
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modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.
(5)    That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i)    Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii)    Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii)    The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv)    Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(b)    Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the Registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Los Angeles, State of California, on September 8, 2022.
XOS, INC.

By:    /s/ Dakota Semler                
Name:    Dakota Semler
Title:    Chief Executive Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below hereby constitutes and appoints Dakota Semler and Kingsley Afemikhe, and each of them, his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, each with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments, including post-effective amendments, to this Registration Statement, and any registration statement relating to the offering covered by this Registration Statement and filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that each of said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or his or her substitute or substitutes may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities and on the date indicated.
SignaturesTitleDate
s/ Dakota SemlerChief Executive Officer, ChairmanSeptember 8, 2022
Dakota Semler(Principal Executive Officer)
/s/ Kingsley AfemikheChief Financial OfficerSeptember 8, 2022
Kingsley Afemikhe(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
/s/ Giordano SordoniChief Operating Officer, DirectorSeptember 8, 2022
Giordano Sordoni
/s/ Anousheh AnsariDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
Anousheh Ansari
/s/ Alice K. JacksonDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
Alice K. Jackson
/s/ Burt JordanDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
Burt Jordan
/s/ S. Sara MathewDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
S. Sara Mathew
/s/ George N. MattsonDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
George N. Mattson
/s/ Ed RappDirectorSeptember 8, 2022
Ed Rapp

Document
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Rachel B. Proffitt
+1 415 693 2031
rproffitt@cooley.com
September 8, 2022
Xos, Inc.
3550 Tyburn Street
Los Angeles, California 90065

Ladies and Gentlemen:
We have acted as counsel to Xos, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), in connection with the filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (the “Registration Statement”) by the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, covering the resale by a certain selling stockholder of up to 33,199,327 shares (the “Conversion Shares”) of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”), issuable upon the exercise of convertible debentures (the “Convertible Debentures”) held by YA II PN, Ltd. (“Yorkville”), issued or issuable pursuant to that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated August 9, 2022, by and between the Company and Yorkville (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”).
In connection with this opinion, we have examined and relied upon the Registration Statement and related prospectus, the Company’s certificate of incorporation and bylaws, each as currently in effect, the Securities Purchase Agreement and the Convertible Debentures and such other documents, records, certificates, memoranda and other instruments as in our judgment are necessary or appropriate to enable us to render the opinion expressed below. We have assumed the genuineness of all signatures, the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to originals of all documents submitted to us as copies, the accuracy, completeness and authenticity of certificates of public officials and the due authorization, execution and delivery of all documents by all persons other than the Company where execution and delivery are prerequisites to the effectiveness thereof. As to certain factual matters, we have relied upon a certificate of an officer of the Company and have not independently verified such matters.
Our opinion is expressed only with respect to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware. We express no opinion as to whether any particular other laws are applicable to the subject matter hereof. We are not rendering any opinion as to compliance with any federal or state antifraud law, rule or regulation relating to securities, or to the sale or issuance thereof.
With respect to the Conversion Shares, we express no opinion to the extent that future issuances of securities of the Company, adjustments to outstanding securities of the Company, and/or adjustments in the conversion rate of the Convertible Debentures cause the Convertible Debentures to be convertible into more shares of Common Stock than the number that remain available for issuance. Further, we have assumed the conversion price of the Convertible Debentures will not be adjusted to an amount below the par value per share of the Common Stock.
On the basis of the foregoing, and in reliance thereon, we are of the opinion that (i) the Conversion Shares, other than those issuable pursuant to Convertible Debentures that have not yet been issued under the Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Future Debentures”), when issued in accordance with the terms of the applicable Convertible Debentures, will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, and (ii) any other Conversion Shares, when issued in accordance with the terms of the Future Debentures after the Future Debentures have been issued against payment therefor in accordance with the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.
Cooley LLP 3 Embarcadero Center 20th Floor San Francisco, CA 94111-4004
t: +1 415 693 2000 f: +1 415 693 2222 cooley.com


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Xos, Inc.
September 8, 2022
Page Two
We hereby consent to the reference to our firm under the caption “Legal Matters” in the prospectus included in the Registration Statement and to the filing of this opinion as an exhibit to the Registration Statement.
*****

Cooley LLP 3 Embarcadero Center 20th Floor San Francisco, CA 94111-4004
t: +1 415 693 2000 f: +1 415 693 2222 cooley.com


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Xos, Inc.
September 8, 2022
Page Three
Very truly yours,
Cooley LLP
By:     /s/ Rachel Profitt    
Rachel Proffitt
Cooley LLP 3 Embarcadero Center 20th Floor San Francisco, CA 94111-4004
t: +1 415 693 2000 f: +1 415 693 2222 cooley.com

Document

EXHIBIT 23.1




CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in the Prospectus constituting a part of this Registration Statement on Form S-3 of our report dated March 30, 2022, relating to the consolidated financial statements of XOS, Inc. and Subsidiaries, appearing in the entity’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. We also consent to the reference to us under the caption “Experts” in the Prospectus.


/s/ WithumSmith+Brown, PC

Irvine, California
September 8, 2022


Document
Exhibit 107
Calculation of Filing Fee Tables
 
Form S-3
(Form Type)
 
Xos, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Table 1 – Newly Registered Securities

Security TypeSecurity Class TitleFee Calculation RuleAmount Registered Proposed Maximum Offering Price Per UnitMaximum Aggregate Offering PriceFee RateAmount of Registration Fee
Fees to be PaidEquityCommon Stock, par value $0.0001 per shareOther
33,199,327(1)
$1.45(2)
$48,139,0240.0000927$4,463
Total Offering Amounts$48,139,024$4,463
Total Fee Offsets
Net Fee Due$4,463

(1)    Represents 33,199,327 shares of the registrant’s common stock registered for resale by the selling securityholder named in this registration statement, consisting of 33,199,327 shares of common stock issuable to YA II PN, Ltd. upon conversion of the Convertible Debentures (as defined in the registration statement). Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the shares of common stock being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional shares of common stock as may be issuable as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions with respect to the shares being registered hereunder.

(2)    This estimate is made pursuant to Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, solely for purposes of calculating the registration fee. The price per share and aggregate offering price are based upon the average of the high and low prices of the registrant’s common stock on September 6, 2022, as reported on the Nasdaq Global Market.